Curcumin, Silybin Phytosome(®) and α-R-Lipoic Acid Mitigate Chronic Hepatitis in Rat by Inhibiting Oxidative Stress and Inflammatory Cytokines Production

Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol. 2016 May;118(5):369-80. doi: 10.1111/bcpt.12502. Epub 2015 Nov 13.


Chronic hepatitis is recognized as a worldwide health problem that gradually progresses towards cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Despite the large number of experiments using animal models for allergic hepatitis, it is still difficult to produce a picture of chronic hepatitis. Therefore, this study was conducted to introduce an animal model approximating to the mechanism of chronicity in human hepatitis. The study also aimed to examine the hepatoprotective effects of curcumin, silybin phytosome(®) and α-R-lipoic acid against thioacetamide (TAA)-induced chronic hepatitis in rat model. TAA was administered intraperitoneally at a dose of 200 mg/kg three times weekly for 4 weeks. At the end of this period, a group of rats was killed to assess the development of chronic hepatitis in comparison with their respective control group. TAA administration was then discontinued, and the remaining animals were subsequently allocated into four groups. Group 1 was left untreated, whereas groups 2-4 were allowed to receive daily oral doses of curcumin, silybin phytosome(®) or α-R-lipoic acid, respectively, for 7 weeks. Increases in hepatic levels of malondialdehyde associated with TAA administration were inhibited in groups receiving supplements. Furthermore, glutathione depletion, collagen deposition, macrophage activation and nuclear factor κappa-B expression as well as tumour necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6 levels were significantly decreased in response to supplements administration. Serological analysis of liver function and liver histopathological examination reinforced the results. The above evidence collectively indicates that the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of curcumin, silybin phytosome(®) and α-R-lipoic acid may confer therapeutic efficacy against chronic hepatitis.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Animals
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / administration & dosage
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / pharmacology
  • Antioxidants / administration & dosage
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology
  • Curcumin / administration & dosage
  • Curcumin / pharmacology*
  • Cytokines / metabolism
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Hepatitis, Chronic / drug therapy*
  • Hepatitis, Chronic / pathology
  • Male
  • Oxidative Stress / drug effects
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Silybin
  • Silymarin / administration & dosage
  • Silymarin / analogs & derivatives*
  • Silymarin / pharmacology
  • Thioacetamide / toxicity
  • Thioctic Acid / administration & dosage
  • Thioctic Acid / pharmacology*


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Antioxidants
  • Cytokines
  • Silymarin
  • silybin-phytosome
  • Thioacetamide
  • Silybin
  • Thioctic Acid
  • Curcumin