Achieving best outcomes for patients with cardiovascular disease in China by enhancing the quality of medical care and establishing a learning health-care system

Lancet. 2015 Oct 10;386(10002):1493-505. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)00343-8.


China has an immediate need to address the rapidly growing population with cardiovascular disease events and the increasing number of people living with this illness. Despite progress in increasing access to services, China faces the dual challenge of addressing gaps in quality of care and producing more evidence to support clinical practice. In this Review, we address opportunities to strengthen performance measurement, programmes to improve quality of care, and national capacity to produce high-impact knowledge for clinical practice. Moreover, we propose recommendations, with implications for other diseases, for how China can immediately make use of its Hospital Quality-Monitoring System and other existing national platforms to assess and improve performance of medical care, and to generate new knowledge to inform clinical decisions and national policies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biomedical Research / organization & administration
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / therapy*
  • China
  • Critical Pathways
  • Delivery of Health Care / standards*
  • Evidence-Based Medicine / standards
  • Health Policy
  • Hospitals / standards
  • Humans
  • Patient Outcome Assessment
  • Quality Improvement / standards
  • Quality of Health Care / standards