The effect of Ramadan fasting and maternal hypoalbuminaemia on neonatal anthropometric parameters and placental weight

J Obstet Gynaecol. 2016 May;36(4):483-6. doi: 10.3109/01443615.2015.1086989. Epub 2015 Oct 14.


In Islamic religion, daytime fasting during the month called Ramadan is an annual practice. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of Ramadan fasting and maternal hypoalbuminaemia on neonatal growth parameters. A prospective case-control study was conducted in Diyarbakir and Istanbul, Turkey. The sample size of fasting group was 168 and that of non-fasting group was 170. Demographic characteristics, obstetrics ultrasonographic findings and laboratory parameters of the participants were recorded. Neonatal anthropometric parameters and placental weight were noted. The mean placental weight was significantly higher in the fasting group (p = 0.037). Also, in the fasting group, pregnant women with hypoalbuminaemia had significantly higher placental weight (p = 0.009). In conclusion, the mean placental weight in the fasting group was significantly higher. Also a significant correlation between placental weight and maternal serum albumin level was observed in the fasting group.

Keywords: Ramadan fasting; anthropometric parameters; maternal hypoalbuminaemia; neonatal; placental weight.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anthropometry
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Fasting / adverse effects*
  • Female
  • Fetal Development / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Hypoalbuminemia / blood
  • Hypoalbuminemia / etiology
  • Hypoalbuminemia / physiopathology*
  • Islam*
  • Placenta / physiopathology
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications / blood
  • Pregnancy Complications / etiology
  • Pregnancy Complications / physiopathology*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Serum Albumin / analysis
  • Turkey


  • Serum Albumin