CPAP in the Perioperative Setting: Evidence of Support

Chest. 2016 Feb;149(2):586-597. doi: 10.1378/chest.15-1777. Epub 2016 Jan 12.


OSA is a commonly encountered comorbid condition in surgical patients. The risk of cardiopulmonary complications is increased by two to threefold with OSA. Among the different treatment options for OSA, CPAP is an efficacious modality. This review examines the evidence regarding the use of CPAP in the preoperative and postoperative periods in surgical patients with diagnosed and undiagnosed OSA.

Keywords: CPAP; OSA; perioperative period.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Continuous Positive Airway Pressure / methods*
  • Humans
  • Perioperative Care / methods*
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / therapy*