A new, simple and rapid coprecipitation method has been developed to separate and preconcentrate traces of Co(II), Cu(II), Fe(III), Pb(II) and Mn(II) in different samples prior to their determinations by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS). 2-[(E)-(8-hydroxy-2-methylquinolin-5-yl) diazenyl] benzoic acid (QAN) was firstly synthesized and characterized as a new chelating reagent for determination of some metals. IR spectra, (1)H-NMR spectrum and elemental analysis were evaluated for the characterization of the reagent. These metals were quantitatively recovered with Ni(II)/QAN precipitate in pH range of 8-10. Different factors such as sample volume, amount of QAN, and Ni(II) as carrier element, sample volume, and matrix effects for improving the quality of the preconcentration procedure were optimized. Under optimized experimentally established conditions, analytical detection limits were in the range of 0.03-0.83μgL(-1), while precision (RSD) was <3.5%, and enrichment factor was obtained as 100. The accuracy of the presented coprecipitation method was verified by the analysis of certified reference materials. The method was applied to the determination of the analytes in real samples such as food samples and make up products, and accuracy was found high (recoveries >95%).
Keywords: Chelating reagent; Coprecipitation; Flame atomic absorption spectrometry; Food samples; Trace element.
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