Cardiovascular disease affects more than a third of American adults and is the leading cause of mortality in the USA. Over the last 40 years, several behavioral and medical risk factors have been recognized as major contributors to cardiovascular disease. Effective management of many of these risk factors, particularly behavioral risk factors, remains challenging. With the growth of mobile health (mHealth) technology, a variety of novel strategies are now available to facilitate the delivery of interventions directed at reducing these risk factors. In this review, we discuss recent clinical studies and technologic innovations leveraging smartphone devices, social media, and wearable health tracking devices to facilitate behavioral interventions directed at three important and highly prevalent behavioral risk factors for cardiovascular disease: smoking, physical inactivity, and sub-optimal nutrition. We believe this technology has significant potential to provide low-cost, scalable, and individualized tools to improve management of these important cardiovascular disease risk factors.
Keywords: Cardiovascular disease; Mobile health technology; Prevention; Risk factors.