Objectives: Tedizolid displays potent activity against Gram-positive pathogens. In vitro studies against clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus and enterococci demonstrated improved tedizolid activity over linezolid. However, this is not well-characterized against a large collection of resistant isolates, including vancomycin-intermediate S. aureus (VISA), heterogeneous VISA (hVISA), daptomycin-non-susceptible (DNS) S. aureus, linezolid-resistant (LR) S. aureus and VRE. Therefore, our objective was to determine tedizolid activity versus other agents, against MRSA and VRE with various resistance phenotypes.
Methods: In total, 302 MRSA (75 DNS, 100 VISA, 120 hVISA and 7 LR) and 220 VRE [100 Enterococcus faecalis (all susceptible to daptomycin and linezolid) and 120 E. faecium (25 DNS and 10 LR)] were evaluated. LR isolates were analysed for the cfr gene. MICs of tedizolid, linezolid, ampicillin, clindamycin, daptomycin, gentamicin, levofloxacin, oxacillin, tigecycline, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole and vancomycin were determined in accordance with CLSI guidelines.
Results: Tedizolid MIC90 values for hVISA, VISA and DNS were 0.5 mg/L (versus 4, 4 and 2 mg/L, respectively, for linezolid). The tedizolid MIC range for LR MRSA was 0.063-1 mg/L. Two LR MRSA possessed the cfr gene with tedizolid MICs of 0.125 and 0.25 mg/L (linezolid MICs of 16 and 8 mg/L). The tedizolid MIC90 for vancomycin-resistant E. faecalis and E. faecium was 0.25 and 1 mg/L, respectively; three dilutions lower for E. faecalis and two dilutions lower for E. faecium compared with linezolid.
Conclusions: Tedizolid MICs demonstrate activity against isolates with decreased susceptibility to alternative agents, including linezolid. Tedizolid may be a viable treatment option in clinical situations with MDR Gram-positive pathogens.
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