Fungal Sinusitis

Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 2015 Nov;25(4):569-76. doi: 10.1016/j.nic.2015.07.004. Epub 2015 Aug 21.


Fungal sinusitis is characterized into invasive and noninvasive forms. The invasive variety is further classified into acute, chronic and granulomatous forms; and the noninvasive variety into fungus ball and allergic fungal sinusitis. Each of these different forms has a unique radiologic appearance. The clinicopathologic and corresponding radiologic spectrum and differences in treatment strategies of fungal sinusitis make it an important diagnosis for clinicians and radiologists to always consider. This is particularly true of invasive fungal sinusitis, which typically affects immuno compromised patients and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Early diagnosis allows initiation of appropriate treatment strategies resulting in favorable outcome.

Keywords: Allergic fungal sinusitis; Granulomatous fungal sinusitis; Invasive fungal sinusitis; Noninvasive fungal sinusitis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging*
  • Mycoses / diagnostic imaging*
  • Mycoses / pathology*
  • Paranasal Sinuses / diagnostic imaging
  • Paranasal Sinuses / pathology
  • Sinusitis / diagnostic imaging*
  • Sinusitis / microbiology
  • Sinusitis / pathology*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed*