Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases: an Update on the Classification from the International Union of Immunological Societies Expert Committee for Primary Immunodeficiency 2015

J Clin Immunol. 2015 Nov;35(8):696-726. doi: 10.1007/s10875-015-0201-1. Epub 2015 Oct 19.


We report the updated classification of primary immunodeficiencies compiled by the Primary Immunodeficiency Expert Committee (PID EC) of the International Union of Immunological Societies (IUIS). In the two years since the previous version, 34 new gene defects are reported in this updated version. For each disorder, the key clinical and laboratory features are provided. In this new version we continue to see the increasing overlap between immunodeficiency, as manifested by infection and/or malignancy, and immune dysregulation, as manifested by auto-inflammation, auto-immunity, and/or allergy. There is also an increased number of genetic defects that lead to susceptibility to specific organisms which reflects the finely tuned nature of immune defense systems. This classification is the most up to date catalogue of all known and published primary immunodeficiencies and acts as a current reference of the knowledge of these conditions and is an important aid for the genetic and molecular diagnosis of patients with these rare diseases.

Keywords: Primary immunodeficiencies; classification; genetic defects.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Autoimmune Diseases / genetics
  • Autoimmune Diseases / immunology*
  • Carcinogenesis / genetics
  • Carcinogenesis / immunology
  • Consensus Development Conferences as Topic
  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Expert Testimony
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Humans
  • Immunity / genetics
  • Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes / classification
  • Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes / immunology*
  • Infections / genetics
  • Infections / immunology*
  • International Cooperation
  • Mutation / genetics