Comparison of the gastrointestinal syndrome after total-body or total-abdominal irradiation

Radiat Res. 1989 Mar;117(3):480-8.


In pathogen-free mice, but not standard conventionally housed laboratory rodents, two distinctly different modes of early radiation lethality can be identified by modifying the irradiation technique (total-body versus abdominal irradiation) or by therapeutic intervention such as rescue of total-body-irradiated mice with syngeneic bone marrow or spleen. While damage to the gastrointestinal tract is usually designated as the predominant cause of death occurring within 10 days of radiation exposure, it was demonstrated that damage to the hematopoietic/lymphopoietic system can result in animal lethality over the same period as the gastrointestinal syndrome and that this target cell population is more radiation-sensitive than the gastrointestinal epithelium.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Abdomen / radiation effects*
  • Animals
  • Digestive System / radiation effects*
  • Female
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C3H
  • Radiation Injuries, Experimental / mortality*
  • Whole-Body Irradiation*