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. 2017 Jul;46(7):1452-1471.
doi: 10.1007/s10964-015-0368-z. Epub 2015 Oct 20.

Youth's Perceptions of Parental Support and Parental Knowledge as Moderators of the Association Between Youth-Probation Officer Relationship and Probation Non-compliance

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Free PMC article

Youth's Perceptions of Parental Support and Parental Knowledge as Moderators of the Association Between Youth-Probation Officer Relationship and Probation Non-compliance

Sarah Vidal et al. J Youth Adolesc. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

As a community-based sanction, juvenile probation exemplifies the potential of both communities and families to make significant contributions in promoting positive changes among offending youth. Yet, surprisingly little research has explored the nature of these relationships and its association with offending. This study (1) examined the associations between youth-officer relationships, youth perceptions of parental support and knowledge, and probation non-compliance and (2) explored the role of parental support and knowledge as moderators of the association between youth-officer relationships and probation non-compliance among 110 youth supervised on probation (23 % females; 60 % African American). The findings showed that tough or punitive youth-officer relationships were associated with greater counts of technical violations, but fewer counts of delinquent offenses. Parental support was associated with fewer counts of delinquent offenses and parental knowledge was associated with fewer counts of both delinquent offenses and technical violations. These findings provide evidence to the important role of both parents and probation officers and underscore the potential benefits of parent-officer collaboration in facilitating successful interventions among offending youth.

Keywords: Delinquency; Juvenile probation; Parental monitoring; Parental support.

Conflict of interest statement

Conflicts of Interests

The authors report no conflict of interests.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Schwalbe’s Participation Process Model of Probation (reprinted from Schwalbe, C. S. (2012). Toward an integrated theory of probation. Criminal Justice and behavior, 39, 185–201).
Figure 2
Figure 2
Interaction between youth-officer relationship quality and parental support on probation non-compliance. Variables are presented in standardized form: High/Low youth-officer relationship and High/Low parental support refer to −1 SD and 1 SD from the mean. IRR = Incidence Rate Ratio.
Figure 3
Figure 3
Interaction between youth-officer relationship quality and parental knowledge on probation non-compliance. Variables are presented in standardized form: High/Low youth-officer relationship and High/Low parental knowledge refer to −1 SD and 1 SD from the mean. IRR = Incidence Rate Ratio.

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