Sexuality in Aesthetic Breast Surgery

Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2015 Dec;39(6):993-9. doi: 10.1007/s00266-015-0574-9. Epub 2015 Oct 20.


Background: The breasts are important for a woman's psychological well-being, which may be negatively affected by distortions of breast size and shape. Improvements in self-esteem and sexuality are important psychological factors associated with motivation for cosmetic surgery. Mammaplasty is among the most sought-after and performed cosmetic procedures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of aesthetic breast surgery on a woman's sexuality.

Methods: This study was conducted in a plastic surgery clinic of a hospital university in Brazil, between 2009 and 2012. Forty-six patients with hypomastia and 30 patients with breast hypertrophy, who expressed the desire for aesthetic breast surgery, were selected for the study. The patients were assessed preoperatively and 6 months postoperatively using the sexual quotient-Female version scale (QS-F). The QS-F is a validated Brazilian questionnaire to assess sexual function. It contains ten items covering five domains of female sexual function: desire and interest, foreplay, excitement and harmony, comfort, and orgasm and satisfaction. Higher QS-F scores indicate better sexual functioning.

Results: There was a significant increase in the mean total QS-F score after surgery in both groups (p < 0.001). No significant improvement in desire and comfort was reported by patients who underwent breast augmentation and in comfort by patients who underwent breast reduction. Improvement in sexuality after surgery was observed in both groups, which is consistent with the literature.

Conclusion: Aesthetic breast surgery has a positive impact on the sexuality of patients.

Level of evidence iv: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors

Keywords: Breast; Mammaplasty; Plastic surgery; Quality of life; Sexual health; Sexuality.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Brazil
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Mammaplasty / psychology*
  • Sexuality*