Efficient PEDOT:PSS-Free Polymer Solar Cells with an Easily Accessible Polyacrylonitrile Polymer Material as a Novel Solution-Processable Anode Interfacial Layer

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2015 Nov 18;7(45):25032-8. doi: 10.1021/acsami.5b07841. Epub 2015 Nov 4.


We demonstrate that an easily accessible polyacrylonitrile (PAN) polymer can efficiently function as a novel solution-processable anode interfacial layer (AIL) to boost the device performances of polymer:fullerene-based solar cells (PSCs). The PAN thin film was simply prepared with spin-coating of a cost-efficient PAN solution dissolved in dimethylformamide on indium tin oxide (ITO), and the thin polymeric interlayer on PSC parameters and stability were systemically investigated. As a result, the cell efficiency of the PSC with PAN was remarkably enhanced compared to the device using bare ITO. Furthermore, with PAN, we finally achieved an excellent power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 6.7% and a very high PSC stability in PTB7:PC71BM systems, which constitute a highly comparable PCE and superior device lifetime relative to those of conventional PSCs with poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (

Pedot: PSS). These results demonstrate that the inexpensive solution-processed PAN polymer can be an attractive

Pedot: PSS alternative and is more powerful for achieving better cell performances and lower cost PSC production.

Keywords: anode interfacial layer; bulk heterojunction; polyacrylonitrile; polymer solar cells; polymeric interlayer; work-function modification.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't