Abnormal Methylation Status of the GNAS Exon 1A Region in Pseudohypohyperparathyroidism Combined With Turner Syndrome

Am J Med Sci. 2015 Dec;350(6):458-62. doi: 10.1097/MAJ.0000000000000589.


Pseudohypohyperparathyroidism (PHHP) is a rare type of pseudohypoparathyroidism (PHP), which seems to have a normal skeletal response to parathyroid hormone but shows renal resistance. Almost all patients with PHHP have PHP Ib, a subtype of PHP that is usually caused by GNAS methylation defects, often in exon 1A. Some features of Albright hereditary osteodystrophy can occasionally be found in patients with PHHP, but these features are also common in Turner syndrome. The authors report on an extremely rare case of a patient with PHHP and Turner syndrome, a 47-year-old woman who sought medical attention for hypocalcemia and elevated parathyroid hormone. She had no family history of hypocalcemia and no STX16 gene deletions. She had a mosaic karyotype of 46, X, del(X)(p11.4)/45, XO. Pyrosequencing was performed to determine the GNAS exon 1A methylation. The degree of methylation found in exon 1A of the patient was lower than her unaffected relatives.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Chromogranins
  • DNA Methylation
  • Female
  • GTP-Binding Protein alpha Subunits, Gs / genetics*
  • GTP-Binding Protein alpha Subunits, Gs / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Pseudohypoparathyroidism / diagnosis*
  • Pseudohypoparathyroidism / genetics
  • Pseudohypoparathyroidism / metabolism
  • Turner Syndrome / diagnosis*
  • Turner Syndrome / genetics
  • Turner Syndrome / metabolism


  • Chromogranins
  • GNAS protein, human
  • GTP-Binding Protein alpha Subunits, Gs