The polycystic TRP subfamily member PKD2-L1, in complex with PKD1-L3, is involved in physiological responses to diverse stimuli. A major challenge to understanding whether and how PKD2-L1/PKD1-L3 acts as a bona fide molecular transducer is that recombinant channels usually respond with small or undetectable currents. Here, we discover a type of Ca(2+) influx-operated Ca(2+) entry (ICE) that generates pronounced Ca(2+) spikes. Triggered by rapid onset/offset of Ca(2+), voltage, or acid stimuli, Ca(2+)-dependent activation amplifies a small Ca(2+) influx via the channel. Ca(2+) concurrently drives a self-limiting negative feedback (Ca(2+)-dependent inactivation) that is regulated by the Ca(2+)-binding EF hands of PKD2-L1. Our results suggest a biphasic ICE with opposite Ca(2+) feedback regulation that facilitates sensory responses to multimodal transient stimuli. We suggest that such a mechanism may also occur for other sensory modalities and other Ca(2+) channels.
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