Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
. 2015 Oct 1;11:1497-503.
doi: 10.2147/TCRM.S87595. eCollection 2015.

Surveillance of Antibiotic and Analgesic Use in the Oral Surgery Department of the University Dentistry Clinical Center of Kosovo

Affiliations
Free PMC article

Surveillance of Antibiotic and Analgesic Use in the Oral Surgery Department of the University Dentistry Clinical Center of Kosovo

Naim R Haliti et al. Ther Clin Risk Manag. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Background: Because Kosovo has no reliable information on antimicrobial and analgesic use in dental practice, the survey reported here evaluated the antibiotic and analgesic prescriptions in the Oral Surgery Department of the University Dentistry Clinical Center of Kosovo (UDCCK).

Methods: The data of 2,442 registered patients for a 1-year period were screened and analyzed concerning antibiotic and analgesic use as per standards of rational prescription.

Results: Dentistry doctors prescribed antibiotics significantly more often than analgesics. Antibiotics were prescribed in 8.11% of all cases, while only 1.35% of total prescriptions were for analgesics. The total consumption of antibiotic drugs in the UDCCK was 4.53 Defined Daily Doses [DDD]/1,000 inhabitants/day, compared with only 0.216 DDD/1,000 inhabitants/day for analgesics. From a total number of 117 patients, 32 patients received combinations of two antibiotics.

Conclusion: Pharmacotherapy analysis showed that the prescription rates of antibiotics and analgesics in the UDCCK are not rational in terms of the qualitative aspects of treatment. For the qualitative improvement of prescription of these drug groups, we recommend the implementation of treatment guidelines following rational standards.

Keywords: Anatomic Therapeutic Classification; DDD/1,000 inhabitants/day; analgesics; antibiotic; rational standards.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Utilization of antibacterials for systemic use – J01 (World Health Organization Anatomic Therapeutic Classification [ATC] Level 3) by ATC System with Defined Daily Doses (DDD) methodology.
Figure 2
Figure 2
Utilization of individual antibacterials for systemic use (World Health Organization Anatomic Therapeutic Classification [ATC] Level 5) by ATC System with Defined Daily Doses (DDD) methodology.
Figure 3
Figure 3
Utilization of individual analgesics (World Health Organization Anatomic Therapeutic Classification [ATC] Level 5) by ATC System with Defined Daily Doses (DDD) methodology.
Figure 4
Figure 4
International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems: 10th Revision classification of disease by number of patients and modality of prescription of antibiotics and analgesics (n=2,442).

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 1 article

References

    1. Williams D. Monitoring medicines use: the role of the clinical pharmacologist. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2012;74:685–690. - PMC - PubMed
    1. Luo X, Cappelleri JC, Frush K. A systematic review on the application of pharmacoepidemiology in assessing prescription drug-related adverse events in pediatrics. Curr Med Res Opin. 2007;23:1015–1024. - PubMed
    1. Shekar V, Singh M, Shekar K, Brennan P. Clinical negligence and duty of candour. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2011;49:593–596. - PubMed
    1. Chamberlain CJ, Koniaris LG, Wu AW, Pawlik TM. Disclosure of “nonharmful” medical errors and other events: duty to disclose. Arch Surg. 2012;147:282–286. - PubMed
    1. Zarb P, Goossens H. European Surveillance of Antimicrobial Consumption (ESAC): value of a point-prevalence survey of antimicrobial use across Europe. Drugs. 2011;71:745–755. - PubMed
Feedback