There is a dynamic interplay between metabolic processes and gene regulation via the remodeling of chromatin. Most chromatin-modifying enzymes use cofactors, which are products of metabolic processes. This article explores the biosynthetic pathways of the cofactors nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD), acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA), S-adenosyl methionine (SAM), α-ketoglutarate, and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD), and their role in metabolically regulating chromatin processes. A more detailed look at the interaction between chromatin and the metabolic processes of circadian rhythms and aging is described as a paradigm for this emerging interdisciplinary field.
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