Association Study between an SNP in CD147 and Its Expression With Acute Coronary Syndrome in a Jiangsu Chinese Population

Medicine (Baltimore). 2015 Oct;94(42):e1537. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000001537.

Abstract

CD147 is an important molecule in the inflammation and proteolysis process. This molecule crucially contributes to the initial and progression of atherosclerotic lesions. A single nucleotide polymorphism in CD147 gene, the rs8259 T/A in the 3'-untranslated region, is responsible for its expression in various cells. This study assessed whether the genetic variation rs8259 is associated with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and CD147. A total of 943 ACS subjects and 439 stable angina subjects, and 851 controls were genotyped for rs8259 polymorphism by polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism and DNA-sequencing method. Plasma soluble CD147 (sCD147) level was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. CD147 mRNA and protein expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells were tested by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot, respectively. We found that TT genotype and T-allele frequency of CD147 rs8259 in ACS patients were much lower than the other patient groups. Significant difference was not observed between stable angina and controls. CD147 T allele was negatively related to ACS. ACS patients exhibited the highest CD147 expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and plasma sCD147 level. The plasma sCD147 levels in the culprit vessel were higher than those in the radial artery. In ACS patients, AA gene carriers had the highest CD147 levels, whereas TT gene carriers had the lowest CD147 levels. Linear regression analysis showed that genotypes and disease conditions contributed 49% to the change of the plasma CD147 level. These results suggested that the single nucleotide polymorphism of CD147 gene rs8259 T/A was associated with ACS susceptibility. Allele T gene may decrease the relative risk of suffering from ACS through downregulation of CD147 expression.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acute Coronary Syndrome / genetics*
  • Asian People / genetics
  • Basigin / biosynthesis
  • Basigin / genetics*
  • China
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Genetic Association Studies*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide*
  • Prospective Studies

Substances

  • Basigin