Mitochondrial ROS signaling in organismal homeostasis

Cell. 2015 Oct 22;163(3):560-9. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2015.10.001. Epub 2015 Oct 22.


Generation, transformation, and utilization of organic molecules in support of cellular differentiation, growth, and maintenance are basic tenets that define life. In eukaryotes, mitochondrial oxygen consumption plays a central role in these processes. During the process of oxidative phosphorylation, mitochondria utilize oxygen to generate ATP from organic fuel molecules but in the process also produce reactive oxygen species (ROS). While ROS have long been appreciated for their damage-promoting, detrimental effects, there is now a greater understanding of their roles as signaling molecules. Here, we review mitochondrial ROS-mediated signaling pathways with an emphasis on how they are involved in various basal and adaptive physiological responses that control organismal homeostasis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Exercise
  • Homeostasis*
  • Humans
  • Mitochondria / metabolism*
  • Reactive Oxygen Species / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction*


  • Reactive Oxygen Species