Safe Infant Sleep Interventions: What is the Evidence for Successful Behavior Change?

Curr Pediatr Rev. 2016;12(1):67-75. doi: 10.2174/1573396311666151026110148.


Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and other sleep-related infant deaths, such as accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed and ill-defined deaths, account for >4000 deaths annually in the USA. Evidence-based recommendations for reducing the risk of sleep-related deaths have been published, but some caregivers resist adoption of these recommendations. Multiple interventions to change infant sleep-related practices of parents and professionals have been implemented. In this review, we will discuss illustrative examples of safe infant sleep interventions and evidence of their effectiveness. Facilitators of and barriers to change, as well as the limitations of the data currently available for these interventions, will be considered.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bedding and Linens
  • Caregivers / education*
  • Cause of Death
  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Health Behavior*
  • Health Education / methods*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant Mortality
  • Safety
  • Sleep
  • Sudden Infant Death / prevention & control*