SQUIRE 2.0 (Standards for QUality Improvement Reporting Excellence): revised publication guidelines from a detailed consensus process

Am J Med Qual. 2015 Nov-Dec;30(6):543-9. doi: 10.1177/1062860615605176.


In the past several years, the science of health care improvement has advanced considerably. In this article, we describe the development of SQUIRE 2.0 and its key components. We undertook the revision between 2012 and 2015 using (1) interviews and focus groups to evaluate SQUIRE 1.0 plus feedback from an international steering group, (2) face-to-face consensus meetings to develop interim drafts, and (3) pilot testing with authors and a public comment period. SQUIRE 2.0 emphasizes 3 key components of systematic efforts to improve the quality, value, and safety of health care: formal and informal theory in planning, implementing, and evaluating improvement work; the context in which the work is done; and the study of the intervention(s). SQUIRE 2.0 is intended for reporting the range of methods used to improve health care, recognizing that they can be complex and multidimensional. It provides common ground to share these discoveries in the scholarly literature (www.squire-statement.org).

Keywords: health care systems; quality improvement; scholarship; writing.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Consensus
  • Guidelines as Topic / standards*
  • Humans
  • Periodicals as Topic / standards*
  • Publishing / standards*
  • Quality Improvement / standards*
  • Quality of Health Care / standards
  • Terminology as Topic