KDOQI Clinical Practice Guideline for Hemodialysis Adequacy: 2015 update

Am J Kidney Dis. 2015 Nov;66(5):884-930. doi: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2015.07.015.


The National Kidney Foundation's Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (KDOQI) has provided evidence-based guidelines for all stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and related complications since 1997. The 2015 update of the KDOQI Clinical Practice Guideline for Hemodialysis Adequacy is intended to assist practitioners caring for patients in preparation for and during hemodialysis. The literature reviewed for this update includes clinical trials and observational studies published between 2000 and March 2014. New topics include high-frequency hemodialysis and risks; prescription flexibility in initiation timing, frequency, duration, and ultrafiltration rate; and more emphasis on volume and blood pressure control. Appraisal of the quality of the evidence and the strength of recommendations followed the Grading of Recommendation Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) approach. Limitations of the evidence are discussed and specific suggestions are provided for future research.

Keywords: Clinical Practice Guideline; Hemodialysis; KDOQI; adequacy; evidence-based recommendation; hemodialysis frequency; hemodialysis prescription; hemofiltration; initiation; treatment time; urea modeling.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Humans
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / therapy*
  • Renal Dialysis / methods*
  • Renal Dialysis / standards
  • Societies, Medical
  • Time Factors