Livedo reticularis: A review of the literature

Indian Dermatol Online J. Sep-Oct 2015;6(5):315-21. doi: 10.4103/2229-5178.164493.


Livedo reticularis (LR) is a cutaneous physical sign characterized by transient or persistent, blotchy, reddish-blue to purple, net-like cyanotic pattern. LR is a benign disorder affecting mainly middle-aged females, whereas livedo racemosa (LRC) is pathologic, commonly associated with antiphospholipid antibody syndrome. This article aims to review the causes of LR and LRC along with the evaluation and management.

Keywords: Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome; livedo racemosa; livedo reticularis.

Publication types

  • Review