Effect of myo-inositol and melatonin versus myo-inositol, in a randomized controlled trial, for improving in vitro fertilization of patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome

Gynecol Endocrinol. 2016;32(1):69-73. doi: 10.3109/09513590.2015.1101444. Epub 2015 Oct 28.


Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) induces anovulation in women of reproductive age, and is one of the pathological factors involved in the failure of in vitro fertilization (IVF). Indeed, PCOS women are characterized by poor quality oocytes. Therefore, a treatment for enhancing oocyte quality becomes crucial for these patients. Myo-Inositol and melatonin proved to be efficient predictors for positive IVF outcomes, correlating with high oocyte quality. We tested the synergistic effect of myo-inositol and melatonin in IVF protocols with PCOS patients in a randomized, controlled, double-blind trial. Five-hundred twenty-six PCOS women were divided into three groups: Controls (only folic acid: 400 mcg), Group A (Inofolic® plus, a daily dose of myo-inositol: 4000 mg, folic acid: 400 mcg, and melatonin: 3 mg), and Group B (Inofolic®, a daily dose of myo-inositol: 4000 mg, and folic acid: 400 mcg). The main outcome measures were oocyte and embryo quality, clinical pregnancy and implantation rates. The treatment lasted from the first day of the cycle until 14 days after embryo transfer. Myo-inositol and melatonin have shown to enhance, synergistically, oocyte and embryo quality. In consideration of the beneficial effect observed in our trial and on the bases of previous studies, we decided to integrate routinely MI and M supplementation in the IVF protocols. The same treatment should be taken carefully in consideration in all procedures of this kind.

Keywords: Embryos quality; PCOS; melatonin; myo-inositol; oocytes quality.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Antioxidants / therapeutic use*
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Embryo Transfer
  • Female
  • Fertilization in Vitro / methods*
  • Folic Acid / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Infertility, Female / therapy*
  • Inositol / therapeutic use*
  • Melatonin / therapeutic use*
  • Oocytes
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome / therapy*
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Rate*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vitamin B Complex / therapeutic use*


  • Antioxidants
  • Vitamin B Complex
  • Inositol
  • Folic Acid
  • Melatonin