Percutaneous repair of acute Achilles tendon rupture: a functional evaluation study with a minimum 10-year follow-up

Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc. 2015;49(6):661-7. doi: 10.3944/AOTT.2015.14.0196.

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to present the functional outcomes of percutaneous tenorrhaphy of the Achilles tendon with a minimum follow-up of 10 years.

Methods: The medical records of patients who underwent percutaneous surgery for acute unilateral Achilles tendon rupture between 2000 and 2004 were retrospectively reviewed.

Results: A total of 11 male patients met the inclusion criteria and were followed for a mean of 12.6 years (range: 10-13 years). The average age at the time of surgery was 39.3 years (range: 29-53 years). Patients returned to work at an average of 2.7 months (range: 1-4 months) after surgery and to normal daily activities (NDA) at an average of 4.1 months (range: 3-6 months) postoperatively. The mean strength ratio between the injured and normal sides was 90%. Compared with the contralateral normal side, the thickness of the operated tendon increased by a mean of 0.7 cm, while the circumference of the affected calf diminished by a mean of 1.1 cm. No difference in active and passive range of motion (ROM) was recorded between the affected and the contralateral normal ankle joints. Isometric plantar flexion was 87% of normal. Sensory impairment in the territory of the sural nerve was identified in 1 patient immediately after surgery. The sensory defect had completely resolved by 6 months postoperatively.

Conclusion: Long-term outcomes of our series support the effectiveness of percutaneous tenorrhaphy in Achilles function rehabilitation of patients with acute ruptures.

MeSH terms

  • Achilles Tendon / injuries*
  • Achilles Tendon / surgery*
  • Adult
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Physical Therapy Modalities
  • Range of Motion, Articular*
  • Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
  • Recovery of Function*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Rupture / surgery
  • Treatment Outcome