[Antral vascular ectasia and scleroderma. Endoscopic, radiologic and anatomopathologic aspects of an uncommon association]

Gastroenterol Clin Biol. 1989;13(2):217-21.
[Article in French]


Diffuse gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) is a new disease entity corresponding to peculiar acquired vascular malformations. In 1984 Jabbari et al. coined the term "Watermelon Stomach" for this lesion. We report here in a new case particular by its association with systemic sclerosis in a 66 year-old female. The diagnosis of GAVE was suggested upon endoscopic and angiographic findings. Atrophic fundic gastritis associated with achlorhydria and hypergastrinemia was also noted. Antrectomy was performed with success. Pathologic examination and morphometric analysis of the antrum specimen revealed the characteristic features of GAVE: 1) increase of the mean cross sectional area of mucosal vessel lumen and increase of the mean percentage of specimen area occupied by vessels; 2) presence of intravascular fibrin thrombi and 3) fibromuscular hyperplasia of the lamina propria.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Female
  • Gastrectomy
  • Gastroscopy
  • Humans
  • Pyloric Antrum / blood supply*
  • Pyloric Antrum / pathology
  • Radiography
  • Scleroderma, Systemic / complications*
  • Syndrome
  • Telangiectasis / complications*
  • Telangiectasis / diagnostic imaging
  • Telangiectasis / pathology