From transcriptomic to protein level changes in TDP-43 and FUS loss-of-function cell models

Biochim Biophys Acta. 2015 Dec;1849(12):1398-410. doi: 10.1016/j.bbagrm.2015.10.015. Epub 2015 Oct 26.


The full definition of the physiological RNA targets regulated by TDP-43 and FUS RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) represents an important issue in understanding the pathogenic mechanisms associated to these two proteins in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal dementia. In the last few years several high-throughput screenings have generated a plethora of data, which are difficult to compare due to the different experimental designs and models explored. In this study by using the Affymetrix Exon Arrays, we were able to assess and compare the effects of both TDP-43 and FUS loss-of-function on the whole transcriptome using the same human neuronal SK-N-BE cell model. We showed that TDP-43 and FUS depletion induces splicing and gene expression changes mainly distinct for the two RBPs, although they may regulate common pathways, including neuron differentiation and cytoskeleton organization as evidenced by functional annotation analysis. In particular, TDP-43 and FUS were found to regulate splicing and expression of genes related to neuronal (SEPT6, SULT4A1, TNIK) and RNA metabolism (DICER, ELAVL3/HuC, POLDIP3). Our extended analysis at protein level revealed that these changes have also impact on the protein isoform ratio and content, not always in a direct correlation with transcriptomic data. Contrarily to a loss-of-function mechanism, we showed that mutant TDP-43 proteins maintained their splicing activity in human ALS fibroblasts and experimental cell lines. Our findings further contribute to define the biological functions of these two RBPs in physiological and disease state, strongly encouraging the evaluation of the identified transcriptomic changes at protein level in neuronal experimental models.

Keywords: ALS; Exon Array; FUS; RNA-binding protein; Splicing; TDP-43.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alternative Splicing
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / deficiency
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / physiology*
  • Exons / genetics
  • Fibroblasts / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Models, Genetic
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Neoplasm Proteins / deficiency
  • Neoplasm Proteins / genetics
  • Neoplasm Proteins / physiology*
  • Neuroblastoma / pathology
  • Neurons / metabolism*
  • Protein Isoforms / metabolism
  • Proteome*
  • RNA Interference
  • RNA Precursors / genetics*
  • RNA Precursors / metabolism
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics*
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • RNA, Neoplasm / genetics*
  • RNA, Neoplasm / metabolism
  • RNA, Small Interfering / genetics
  • RNA-Binding Protein FUS / deficiency
  • RNA-Binding Protein FUS / genetics
  • RNA-Binding Protein FUS / physiology*
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Sequence Homology
  • Transcriptome*


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • FUS protein, human
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Protein Isoforms
  • Proteome
  • RNA Precursors
  • RNA, Messenger
  • RNA, Neoplasm
  • RNA, Small Interfering
  • RNA-Binding Protein FUS
  • TARDBP protein, human