Psychosocial work experiences related to health: A study of Lithuanian hospital employees

Work. 2015;53(3):669-77. doi: 10.3233/WOR-152171.


Background: Research in the area of workplace health promotion from a salutogenic perspective is lacking in Eastern Europe.

Objective: To evaluate the relationship between psychosocial work environment and health from a salutogenic perspective among Lithuanian hospital workers.

Methods: Using a cross-sectional design a questionnaire was distributed to staff in a large hospital in Lithuania. Out of 811 employees, 714 completed the survey: 151 physicians, 449 nurses and 114 other staff members (e.g., psychologists, technicians, therapists). A response rate of 88.0% was achieved. The Work Experience Measurement Scale (WEMS) and the Salutogenic Health Indicator Scale (SHIS) were linguistically adapted and used for the first time in a Lithuanian context. Logistic and multiple linear regression models were used for the analyses.

Results: Supportive working conditions, positive internal work experiences and time experience contributed the most to good health, defined as a high SHIS index. Having an executive post was significantly related to good work experiences, i.e. a high WEMS score, while being at the age of 40-54 years was associated with a low WEMS score. Physicians had the highest score on supportive working conditions; while nurses had the lowest scores on autonomy.

Conclusions: A salutogenic approach enables an organisation to identify how to improve working conditions for the employees by focusing on possibilities and resources. Individual activities for workplace health promotion among different work groups seem necessary.

Keywords: Eastern Europe; Salutogenic; evaluation; organisation; workplace health promotion.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Health Promotion*
  • Health Status*
  • Humans
  • Lithuania
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupational Health
  • Occupations
  • Personnel, Hospital / psychology*
  • Professional Autonomy
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Workplace / psychology*