Dual-specificity phosphatase 14 (DUSP14, also known as MKP6) is a MAP kinase phosphatase that dephosphorylates JNK, ERK, and p38 in vitro. We recently reported that DUSP14 negatively regulates T-cell activation and immune responses by interfering activation of TAB1-TAK1 complex. However, the molecular mechanism that regulates the phosphatase activity of DUSP14 remains unclear. Here, we report the post-translational modification of DUSP14 by ubiquitination. Mass spectrometry and mutational analyses identified that DUSP14 was Lys63-linked ubiquitinated at lysine 103 residue. Furthermore, DUSP14 inducibly interacted with the E3 ligase TRAF2 during T-cell receptor (TCR) signaling; TRAF2 shRNA knockdown reduced the DUSP14 ubiquitination. We also show that ubiquitination of DUSP14 was required for its phosphatase activity during TCR signaling. Together, these findings reveal a novel mechanism by which TRAF2 mediates Lys63-linked ubiquitination of DUSP14, leading to DUSP14 activation in T cells.
Keywords: DUSP14/MKP6; T-cell receptor signaling; TRAF2; Ubiquitination.
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