[Effect of high impact movements on body composition, strength and bone mineral density on women over 60 years]

Rev Esp Geriatr Gerontol. 2016 Mar-Apr;51(2):68-74. doi: 10.1016/j.regg.2015.09.001. Epub 2015 Oct 30.
[Article in Spanish]


Background: Osteoporosis is characterised by loss of bone mass and deterioration of bone tissue microarchitecture that leads to fragility related to the risk of fractures. The aim of the study is to analyse the effects of a training program based on explosive movements and impact, assessed in a swimming pool, on body composition, explosive strength and bone mineral density in women over 60 years old.

Material and methods: A total of 35 healthy physically active women (60±4.19 years) were divided into a training pool group using multi jumps (JG) and a control group (CG). JG trained for 24 weeks, 3 times a week, an hour and a half per session. Body composition testing, explosive strength, and bone mineral density were assessed before and after the program.

Results: There were differences in the explosive force (JG vs CG=P<.05 to .001) and the estimated power (JG vs CG=P<.05 to .002) between JG vs CG, with significant increases in JG. There were no significant differences in the percentage of fat and lean mass, bone mineral density lumbar and femoral between groups, although slightly significant increases in bone mineral density lumbar and femoral could be seen in JG after program implementation (JG pre-test vs JG post- test=P<.05).

Conclusions: The training program with impact and explosive movements assessed in a pool induces gains in muscle strength and power with slight adaptations in body mass index in women over 60 years.

Keywords: Adulto mayor; Aged; Aquatic exercise; Body composition; Bone density; Composición corporal; Densidad ósea; Ejercicio acuático; Fuerza muscular; Muscle strength.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Body Composition
  • Bone Density*
  • Bone and Bones
  • Exercise Therapy*
  • Exercise*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscle Strength*
  • Osteoporosis / prevention & control