Biocompatible and biodegradable poly(Tannic Acid) hydrogel with antimicrobial and antioxidant properties

Int J Biol Macromol. 2016 Jan:82:150-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2015.10.057. Epub 2015 Oct 23.


A novel resourceful bulk poly(Tannic Acid) (p(TA)) hydrogel was prepared by crosslinking TA molecules with an epoxy crosslinker, trimethylolpropane triglycidyl ether (TMPGDE), in an autoclave at 90°C for 2h. The obtained p(TA) hydrogels were in disk form and have highly porous morphology. The swelling characteristics of p(TA) hydrogels were investigated in wound healing pH conditions of pH 5.4, 7.4, and 9 at 37.5°C, and the hydrogels showed good swelling and moisture content behavior. Especially, p(TA) hydrogels were found to be sensitive to pH 9 with 1669% maximum swelling. P(TA) hydrogels were completely degraded at pH 9 hydrolytically in 9 days. Total phenol contents and the effects of scavenging ABTS(+) radicals of degraded p(TA) hydrogels at pH 5.4, 7.4, and 9 were evaluated and calculated in terms of gallic acid equivalent and trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity, respectively, and found to be very effective. Moreover, degraded p(TA) hydrogels display strong antimicrobial behavior against gram positive Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, gram negative Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria strains and Candida albicans fungus strain. The WST-1 results indicated that bulk p(TA) hydrogels have no cyctotoxicity to the L929 fibroblast cell line in vitro.

Keywords: Antimicrobial/antioxidant hydrogel; Biodegradable/biocompatible superporous film; Tannic acid.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Infective Agents / chemistry*
  • Anti-Infective Agents / pharmacology
  • Antioxidants / chemistry*
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology
  • Apoptosis
  • Biocompatible Materials / chemistry*
  • Biocompatible Materials / pharmacology
  • Biopolymers / chemistry*
  • Biopolymers / pharmacology
  • Cell Line
  • Humans
  • Hydrogel, Polyethylene Glycol Dimethacrylate / chemical synthesis
  • Hydrogel, Polyethylene Glycol Dimethacrylate / chemistry*
  • Hydrolysis
  • Materials Testing
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Tannins / chemistry*
  • Thermogravimetry


  • Anti-Infective Agents
  • Antioxidants
  • Biocompatible Materials
  • Biopolymers
  • Tannins
  • Hydrogel, Polyethylene Glycol Dimethacrylate