The use of ALS, botanical, and soil data to monitor the environmental hazards and regeneration capacity of areas devastated by highway construction

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2016 Jul;23(14):13718-31. doi: 10.1007/s11356-015-5637-6. Epub 2015 Nov 3.


The impact of viaduct construction on the vegetation of a river valley was studied in Central Poland (Natura 2000 site PLH100006). The research aimed at assessing the suitability of ALS (airborne laser scanning), soil, and botanical data for monitoring the environmental effects of right-of-way reclamation 1 year after the road construction. Based on the data mentioned above, the following problems were identified: changes in topography and hydrological conditions of the valley as a result of improper land levelling, the use of inadequate soil for reclamation, no spontaneous regeneration of natural vegetation along the entire right-of-way, as well as the abundant occurrence of invasive species. The results of analysis were used to define strategies for mitigation of adverse impacts of the viaduct construction.

Keywords: DTM; Floodplain; Invasive species; LiDAR; Natura 2000; Restoration; River valley; Viaduct.

MeSH terms

  • Conservation of Natural Resources*
  • Construction Industry
  • Environmental Monitoring / methods*
  • Poland
  • Remote Sensing Technology*
  • Transportation