Cognitive strategies and strategic learning. The socio-instructional approach

Am Psychol. 1989 Feb;44(2):142-8. doi: 10.1037//0003-066x.44.2.142.


Recent developmental studies have focused on children's learning strategies and on the socio-instructional dynamics that foster strategic learning. The introduction of Vygotsky's concept of the zone of proximal development has been central to this research effort. Zone theory is discussed in the context of traditional cognitive strategies research and in terms of its practical applications.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Child Development*
  • Cognition*
  • Concept Formation
  • Humans
  • Learning*
  • Problem Solving
  • Social Environment*