Pulmonary hypertension is associated with diverse cardiac, pulmonary, and systemic diseases in neonates, infants, and older children and contributes to significant morbidity and mortality. However, current approaches to caring for pediatric patients with pulmonary hypertension have been limited by the lack of consensus guidelines from experts in the field. In a joint effort from the American Heart Association and American Thoracic Society, a panel of experienced clinicians and clinician-scientists was assembled to review the current literature and to make recommendations on the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of pediatric pulmonary hypertension. This publication presents the results of extensive literature reviews, discussions, and formal scoring of recommendations for the care of children with pulmonary hypertension.
Keywords: AHA Scientific Statements; bronchopulmonary dysplasia; congenital diaphragmatic hernia; congenital heart disease; genetics; persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn; sickle cell disease.
© 2015 by the American Heart Association, Inc., and the American Thoracic Society.