The Impact of Postmeningitic Labyrinthitis Ossificans on Speech Performance After Pediatric Cochlear Implantation

Otol Neurotol. 2015 Dec;36(10):1633-7. doi: 10.1097/MAO.0000000000000877.


Objective: 1) To characterize pediatric cochlear implant performance in patients with hearing loss secondary to bacterial meningitis. 2) To evaluate performance differences in patients with and without labyrinthitis ossificans (LO).

Study design: Retrospective case review.

Setting: A large university-based multidisciplinary cochlear implant program.

Patients: Forty-nine patients with hearing loss from bacterial meningitis who received cochlear implants from 1991 to 2011. Thirty-nine patients had adequate data for analysis.

Intervention: Cochlear implantation with postoperative performance evaluation.

Main outcome measure(s): Speech perception category (SPC).

Results: Nineteen (48.7%) patients had intraoperative evidence of LO. Fourteen patients (70.0%) without LO compared with seven (36.8%) with LO developed open-set speech after implantation. There was a trend toward better postimplant SPC outcomes in patients without LO that did not reach statistical significance (p = 0.17). The presence of LO negatively correlated with classroom placement (p < 0.05). Analysis of each group individually demonstrated statistically significant improvement in pre- versus postimplant SPC outcomes (p < 0.001).

Conclusion: The presence of LO may negatively affect performance in pediatric patients receiving a cochlear implant for hearing loss secondary to bacterial meningitis.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Cochlear Implantation*
  • Cochlear Implants
  • Female
  • Hearing Loss / microbiology
  • Hearing Loss / pathology
  • Hearing Loss / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Labyrinthitis / epidemiology*
  • Labyrinthitis / microbiology
  • Male
  • Meningitis, Bacterial / complications*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Speech
  • Speech Perception*
  • Treatment Outcome