Construction of a three-dimensional finite element model of maxillary first molar and it's supporting structures

J Pharm Bioallied Sci. 2015 Aug;7(Suppl 2):S443-50. doi: 10.4103/0975-7406.163496.


The finite element method (FEM) is a powerful computational tool for solving stress-strain problems; its ability to handle material inhomogeneity and complex shapes makes the FEM, the most suitable method for the analysis of internal stress levels in the tooth, periodontium, and alveolar bone. This article intends to explain the steps involved in the generation of a three-dimensional finite element model of tooth, periodontal ligament (PDL) and alveolar bone, as the procedure of modeling is most important because the result is based on the nature of the modeling systems. Finite element analysis offers a means of determining strain-stress levels in the tooth, ligament, and bone structures for a broad range of orthodontic loading scenarios without producing tissue damage.

Keywords: Finite element model; orthodontic forces; stress and strain.

Publication types

  • Review