The Peptide Vaccine Combined with Prior Immunization of a Conventional Diphtheria-Tetanus Toxoid Vaccine Induced Amyloid β Binding Antibodies on Cynomolgus Monkeys and Guinea Pigs

J Immunol Res. 2015;2015:786501. doi: 10.1155/2015/786501. Epub 2015 Oct 11.

Abstract

The reduction of brain amyloid beta (Aβ) peptides by anti-Aβ antibodies is one of the possible therapies for Alzheimer's disease. We previously reported that the Aβ peptide vaccine including the T-cell epitope of diphtheria-tetanus combined toxoid (DT) induced anti-Aβ antibodies, and the prior immunization with conventional DT vaccine enhanced the immunogenicity of the peptide. Cynomolgus monkeys were given the peptide vaccine subcutaneously in combination with the prior DT vaccination. Vaccination with a similar regimen was also performed on guinea pigs. The peptide vaccine induced anti-Aβ antibodies in cynomolgus monkeys and guinea pigs without chemical adjuvants, and excessive immune responses were not observed. Those antibodies could preferentially recognize Aβ 40, and Aβ 42 compared to Aβ fibrils. The levels of serum anti-Aβ antibodies and plasma Aβ peptides increased in both animals and decreased the brain Aβ 40 level of guinea pigs. The peptide vaccine could induce a similar binding profile of anti-Aβ antibodies in cynomolgus monkeys and guinea pigs. The peptide vaccination could be expected to reduce the brain Aβ peptides and their toxic effects via clearance of Aβ peptides by generated antibodies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amyloid beta-Peptides / chemistry
  • Amyloid beta-Peptides / immunology*
  • Amyloid beta-Peptides / toxicity
  • Animals
  • Antibodies / immunology*
  • Antibody Formation / immunology
  • Brain / immunology
  • Brain / metabolism
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cytokines / blood
  • Cytokines / metabolism
  • Diphtheria-Tetanus Vaccine / immunology*
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Humans
  • Immunization
  • Macaca fascicularis
  • Time Factors
  • Vaccination
  • Vaccines, Subunit / immunology*

Substances

  • Amyloid beta-Peptides
  • Antibodies
  • Cytokines
  • Diphtheria-Tetanus Vaccine
  • Vaccines, Subunit