Case report: spontaneous rupture of spleen in patient with Plasmodium ovale malaria

Wien Klin Wochenschr. 2016 Jan;128(1-2):74-7. doi: 10.1007/s00508-015-0888-2. Epub 2015 Nov 5.


Malaria may lead to spontaneous splenic rupture as a rare but potentially lethal complication. Most frequently, this has been reported in patients infected with Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax, while other parasitic agents are less likely to be the cause.We report a 29-year-old British Caucasian, who after returning from a business trip in Democratic Republic Congo was diagnosed with tertian malaria caused by Plasmodium ovale.During his in-patient stay, the patient suffered a splenic rupture requiring immediate surgical intervention and splenectomy. Following this surgical intervention, there was an uneventful recovery, and the patient was discharged in a good general condition.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Antimalarials / administration & dosage*
  • Combined Modality Therapy / methods
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Humans
  • Malaria / complications*
  • Malaria / diagnosis
  • Malaria / therapy*
  • Male
  • Plasmodium ovale*
  • Rupture, Spontaneous / diagnosis
  • Rupture, Spontaneous / etiology
  • Rupture, Spontaneous / therapy
  • Splenectomy
  • Splenic Rupture / diagnosis
  • Splenic Rupture / etiology*
  • Splenic Rupture / therapy*
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Antimalarials