Background: Regadenoson, a selective A2a receptor agonist, is a vasodilator increasingly used in myocardial perfusion imaging. Adjunction of isometric exercise is a simple method that could improve side effect profile while providing better image quality.
Methods: Patients undergoing SPECT MPI were prospectively enrolled in handgrip-Regadenoson (HG-Reg test, N = 20) and Regadenoson (Reg) stress test (N = 40). Investigator blinded to stress test analyzed clinical data and images.
Results: Heart rate (HR) increase was statistically higher in the HG-Reg group (27 vs 22 bpm, P = .019). Decrease in SBP was less frequent in the HG-Reg group than in the Reg group (55% vs 85.5%, P = .005), there were less drops >10 mmHg (45% vs 77.7%, P = .012). During stress testing, fewer subjects reported at least one side effect in the HG-Reg compared to Reg group (70% vs 92.5%, P = .021). Images were more often classified as good in the HG-Reg group (75% vs 52.5% in the Reg group, P = .25).
Conclusions: Adjunction of handgrip exercise to Regadenoson administration is a well-tolerated and easy method, without loss of time. Furthermore, image quality seems to be better.
Keywords: Exercise stress; Regadenoson; myocardial perfusion imaging; vasodilator stress.