Long-term outcomes of colectomy surgery among patients with ulcerative colitis

Springerplus. 2015 Oct 5;4:573. doi: 10.1186/s40064-015-1350-7. eCollection 2015.

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate long-term health-related quality of life outcomes among patients who had a colectomy within the previous 10 years. A cross-sectional survey was administered to consecutive patients ≥18 years of age with ulcerative colitis who had a colectomy within the last 10 years from centers in Canada, Australia, and the United Kingdom. Data were extracted from medical chart reviews to confirm selected self-reported patient characteristics. Of 351 survey respondents, 49 % were male and the median age was 40 years (interquartile range 30-52). Respondents were diagnosed with UC a median of 9.2 (5.7-15.1) years prior to the survey and first surgery occurred a median of 3.7 (2.1-5.8) years ago. Although most respondents (84 %) reported improved quality of life compared to the status before surgery, 81 % experienced problems in at least one of the following areas: depression, work productivity, restrictions in diet, body image, and sexual function. According to HADS scores, 30 and 17 % of survey respondents experienced anxiety and depression, respectively. Among moderate to severe UC patients pre-colectomy, 27 % of men and 28 % of women reported that their sexual life was worse now than before surgery. The mean EQ-5D utility index score overall was 0.79 (95 % confidence interval 0.77-0.81). Quality of life after colectomy for UC is generally good, but there are persistent quality of life issues that impact multiple domains, including psychological and sexual functioning.

Keywords: Colectomy; Quality of life, pouchitis/pouch failure; Survey; Ulcerative colitis.