Aim: To assess the amount of debris extruded apically during root canal preparation using various nickel-titanium instrumentation systems.
Methodology: Sixty extracted single-rooted mandibular premolar human teeth were randomly assigned to four groups (n = 15 teeth for each group). The canals were then instrumented with the following instrument systems: Vortex Blue (VB; Dentsply Tulsa Dental, Tulsa, OK, USA), K3XF (SybronEndo, Orange, CA, USA), Reciproc (VDW, Munich, Germany) and ProTaper Next (PTN; Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland). Apically extruded debris during instrumentation was collected into pre-weighed Eppendorf tubes. The Eppendorf tubes were then stored in an incubator at 70 °C for 5 days. The weight of the dry extruded debris was established by subtracting the pre-instrumentation and post-instrumentation weight of the Eppendorf tubes for each group. The data were analysed using one-way analysis of variance (anova) and Tukey's post hoc tests.
Results: Vortex Blue and PTN files were associated with significantly less apically extruded debris than the K3XF and Reciproc files (P < 0.05), but there was no significant difference between the VB and PTN files or between the K3XF and Reciproc files (P > 0.05).
Conclusions: All instruments were associated with apical extrusion of debris. VB and PTN files were associated with less debris extrusion compared to the other systems.
Keywords: K3XF; Vortex Blue; canal preparation; debris extrusion.
© 2015 International Endodontic Journal. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.