Multiple Intimate Partner Violence Experiences: Knowledge, Access, Utilization and Barriers to Utilization of Resources by Women of the African Diaspora

J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2015 Nov;26(4):1286-303. doi: 10.1353/hpu.2015.0135.


Objective: This study examined knowledge, access, utilization, and barriers to use of resources among Black women exposed to multiple types of intimate partner violence in Baltimore, Maryland and the U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI).

Methods: We analyzed quantitative survey data collected by 163 women recruited from primary care, prenatal or family planning clinics in Baltimore and the USVI. In addition we analyzed qualitative data from in-depth interviews with 11 women. Quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and qualitative data were analyzed using thematic analysis.

Results: A substantial proportion of Black women with multiple types of violence experiences lacked knowledge of, did not have access to, and did not use resources. Barriers to resource use were identified at the individual, relationship, and community levels.

Conclusion: There is need for programs to develop awareness, promote access and utilization of resources, and eliminate barriers to resource use among abused Black women.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Baltimore
  • Black People / psychology*
  • Black People / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Health Care Surveys
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice / ethnology*
  • Health Services Accessibility / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Intimate Partner Violence / ethnology*
  • Intimate Partner Violence / psychology
  • Intimate Partner Violence / statistics & numerical data
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care / ethnology*
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care / statistics & numerical data
  • Qualitative Research
  • United States Virgin Islands