Introduction: Available assays for quantitation of the Alzheimer's disease (AD) biomarker amyloid-beta 1-42 (Aβ [1-42]) in cerebrospinal fluid demonstrate significant variability and lack of standardization to reference measurement procedures (RMPs). We report analytical performance data for the novel Elecsys β-amyloid (1-42) assay (Roche Diagnostics).
Methods: Lot-to-lot comparability was tested using method comparison. Performance parameters were measured according to Clinical & Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) guidelines. The assay was standardized to a Joint Committee for Traceability in Laboratory Medicine (JCTLM) approved RMP.
Results: Limit of quantitation was <11.28 pg/mL, and the assay was linear throughout the measuring range (200-1700 pg/mL). Excellent lot-to-lot comparability was observed (correlation coefficients [Pearson's r] >0.995; bias in medical decision area <2%). Repeatability coefficients of variation (CVs) were 1.0%-1.6%, intermediate CVs were 1.9%-4.0%, and intermodule CVs were 1.1%-3.9%. Estimated total reproducibility was 2.0%-5.1%. Correlation with the RMP was good (Pearson's r, 0.93).
Discussion: The Elecsys β-amyloid (1-42) assay has high analytical performance that may improve biomarker-based AD diagnosis.
Keywords: Alzheimer's disease; Amyloid; Amyloid-beta 1–42; Assay; Biomarker; Cerebrospinal fluid; Dementia; Diagnosis; Electrochemiluminescence; Immunoassay; Method comparison; Precision; Repeatability; Reproducibility; Variability.
Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.