Background: In randomized, controlled, double-blind, multicenter phase 3 studies, one icatibant injection was efficacious and generally well tolerated in patients with a single hereditary angioedema (HAE) attack. Here, the efficacy and safety of icatibant for multiple HAE attacks was evaluated across the controlled and open-label extension phases of the For Angioedema Subcutaneous Treatment (FAST)-3 study (NCT00912093).
Methods: In the controlled phase, adults with HAE type I or II were randomized (1:1) to receive a single subcutaneous injection of icatibant 30 mg or placebo within 6 h of an attack becoming mild (laryngeal) or moderate (cutaneous/abdominal). Open-label icatibant was administered for severe laryngeal symptoms. In the open-label extension phase, patients could receive up to three icatibant injections per attack. Efficacy and safety were analyzed for the first five icatibant-treated attacks at any location (prospective analysis) and laryngeal attacks (post hoc analysis) across both phases. Efficacy outcomes were based on patient-reported symptom severity (visual analog scale).
Results: In groups of patients with one to five icatibant-treated attacks at any location (n = 88), the median times to onset of symptom relief, onset of primary symptom relief and almost complete symptom relief were 1.9-2.1, 1.5-2.0 and 3.5-19.7 h, respectively. The same outcomes for laryngeal attacks (n = 25) were 1.0-2.0, 1.0-2.0 and 1.5-8.1 h, respectively. The most frequently reported adverse events were a worsening or recurrence of HAE attack, headache and nasopharyngitis. Two serious adverse events (arrhythmia and noncardiac chest pain) were considered to be related to icatibant.
Conclusions: Icatibant was efficacious and generally well tolerated across multiple HAE attacks, including laryngeal attacks.
© 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.