Background and study aims: Endoscopic treatment of active gastrointestinal bleeding often remains difficult, and considerable technical expertise is required. Our aim was to assess the efficacy and safety of endoscopic hemostasis with a liquid combination of bovine activated factors IIa/VIIa/IXa/Xa (SeraSeal).
Methods: Patients with active gastrointestinal bleeding were prospectively included. In group A, 5 mL of bovine activated factors IIa/VIIa/IXa/Xa was topically applied via catheters to the bleeding site as initial hemostasis; group B received a similar application but as rescue therapy after failure of conventional endoscopic hemostasis.
Results: In group A, bleeding was stopped by the agent in 15 /22 patients (68 %) and by conventional endoscopic hemostasis in 5 of the other 7, with coiling and surgery required for definitive hemostasis in 2. In group B, the addition of the agent definitively stopped bleeding in 13 /15 patients (87 %), with hemostasis in the remaining 2 achieved with fibrin glue. Rebleeding was observed in 1 patient.
Conclusions: Our proof of concept study suggests that the use of bovine activated factors IIa/VIIa/IXa/Xa might be a safe and effective addition to current endoscopic hemostatic strategies, but further studies are necessary.ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02349490.
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