Effects of a mindfulness-based intervention on mindful eating, sweets consumption, and fasting glucose levels in obese adults: data from the SHINE randomized controlled trial

J Behav Med. 2016 Apr;39(2):201-13. doi: 10.1007/s10865-015-9692-8. Epub 2015 Nov 12.


We evaluated changes in mindful eating as a potential mechanism underlying the effects of a mindfulness-based intervention for weight loss on eating of sweet foods and fasting glucose levels. We randomized 194 obese individuals (M age = 47.0 ± 12.7 years; BMI = 35.5 ± 3.6; 78% women) to a 5.5-month diet-exercise program with or without mindfulness training. The mindfulness group, relative to the active control group, evidenced increases in mindful eating and maintenance of fasting glucose from baseline to 12-month assessment. Increases in mindful eating were associated with decreased eating of sweets and fasting glucose levels among mindfulness group participants, but this association was not statistically significant among active control group participants. Twelve-month increases in mindful eating partially mediated the effect of intervention arm on changes in fasting glucose levels from baseline to 12-month assessment. Increases in mindful eating may contribute to the effects of mindfulness-based weight loss interventions on eating of sweets and fasting glucose levels.

Keywords: Fasting glucose; Mindful eating; Mindfulness intervention; Obese adults; Sweet foods.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Awareness / physiology
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism*
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage*
  • Eating / physiology*
  • Eating / psychology*
  • Exercise / physiology
  • Exercise / psychology
  • Feeding Behavior / physiology*
  • Feeding Behavior / psychology*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Food Preferences / physiology*
  • Food Preferences / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Mindfulness / methods*
  • Obesity / physiopathology*
  • Obesity / psychology*


  • Blood Glucose
  • Dietary Carbohydrates