Reduction in pesticide residue levels in olives by ozonated and tap water treatments and their transfer into olive oil

Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess. 2016;33(1):128-36. doi: 10.1080/19440049.2015.1114683. Epub 2015 Nov 26.


The effects of different wash times (2 and 5 min) with tap and ozonated water on the removal of nine pesticides from olives and the transfer ratios of these pesticides during olive oil production were determined. The reliability of the analytical methods was also tested. The applied methods of analysis were found to be suitable based on linearity, trueness, repeatability, selectivity and limit of quantification all the pesticides tested. All tap and ozonated water wash cycles removed a significant quantity of the pesticides from the olives, with a few exceptions. Generally, extending the wash time increased the pesticide reduction with ozonated water, but did not make significant differences with tap water. During olive oil processing, depending on the processing technique and physicochemical properties of the pesticides, eight of nine pesticides were concentrated into olive oil (processing factor > 1) with almost no significant difference between treatments. Imidacloprid did not pass into olive oil. Ozonated water wash for 5 min reduced chlorpyrifos, β-cyfluthrin, α-cypermethrin and imidacloprid contents by 38%, 50%, 55% and 61% respectively in olives.

Keywords: determination; olive; olive oil; ozone; pesticides; removal.

MeSH terms

  • Drinking Water / chemistry*
  • Food Contamination / analysis*
  • Olea / chemistry*
  • Olive Oil / chemistry*
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Ozone / chemistry*
  • Pesticide Residues / analysis*
  • Water Purification / methods*


  • Drinking Water
  • Olive Oil
  • Pesticide Residues
  • Ozone