Supporting shared decision making using an Option Grid for osteoarthritis of the knee in an interface musculoskeletal clinic: A stepped wedge trial

Patient Educ Couns. 2016 Apr;99(4):571-577. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2015.10.011. Epub 2015 Oct 30.


Objective: To evaluate whether introducing tools, specifically designed for use in clinical encounters, namely Option Grids, into a clinical practice setting leads to higher levels of shared decision making.

Methods: A stepped wedge trial design where 6 physiotherapists at an interface clinic in Oldham, UK, were sequentially instructed in how to use an Option Grid for osteoarthritis of the knee. Patients with suspected or confirmed osteoarthritis of the knee were recruited, six per clinician prior to instruction, and six per clinician afterwards. We measured shared decision making, patient knowledge, and readiness to decide.

Results: A total of 72 patients were recruited; 36 were allocated to the intervention group. There was an 8.4 point (95% CI 4.4 to 12.2) increase in the Observer OPTION score (range 0-100) in the intervention group. The mean gain in knowledge was 0.9 points (score range 0-5, 95% CI, 0.3 to 1.5). There was no increase in encounter duration.

Conclusion: Shared decision making increased when clinicians used the knee osteoarthritis Option Grid.

Practice implications: Tools designed to support collaboration and deliberation about treatment options lead to increased levels of shared decision making.

Keywords: Collaborative deliberation; Option Grids; Patient decision aids; Shared decision making.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Ambulatory Care Facilities
  • Communication*
  • Cooperative Behavior*
  • Decision Making*
  • Decision Support Techniques*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Osteoarthritis, Knee / therapy*
  • Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care
  • Patient Participation
  • Patient-Centered Care
  • Physician-Patient Relations
  • United Kingdom