Total shoulder arthroplasty outcome for treatment of osteoarthritis: a multicenter study using a contemporary implant

Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2015 Nov;44(11):523-6.

Abstract

In this article, we present clinical results of primary total shoulder arthroplasty for osteoarthritis using an implant that provides dual eccentricity and variable neck and version angles for reconstruction of proximal humeral anatomy. Two hundred one patients with symptomatic osteoarthritis underwent 218 total shoulder arthroplasties with a fourth-generation anatomical shoulder and a replicator plate at 4 centers between August 1, 2006, and December 31, 2010. Fourth-generation implants allow for varying humeral neck and version angles and have dual eccentricity so as to be consistently able to cover the humeral head cut. At a mean follow-up of 3 years (minimum, 2 years), there was an 81% follow-up rate. At final follow-up, 3 objective measures were significantly (P < .05) improved over preoperative levels: average active elevation (preoperative, 92°; postoperative, 137°), active external rotation (pre, 15°; post, 42°), and active internal rotation (pre, S3; post, L2). The functional outcome scores that were significantly (P < .05) improved at final follow-up were Constant normalized (pre, 39; post, 79), Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (pre, 86; post, 20), Simple Shoulder Test (pre, 3.3; post, 10), UCLA Shoulder Rating Scale (pre, 13; post, 31), and American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Shoulder Assessment (pre, 33; post, 85). Complications were noted in 11% of the shoulders. The most common complications were rotator cuff failure (13, 6%) and infection (5, 2%).

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement / methods*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Osteoarthritis / surgery*
  • Prostheses and Implants*
  • Range of Motion, Articular
  • Shoulder / surgery
  • Shoulder Joint / surgery*
  • Treatment Outcome