RNA structure replaces the need for U2AF2 in splicing

Genome Res. 2016 Jan;26(1):12-23. doi: 10.1101/gr.181008.114. Epub 2015 Nov 13.


RNA secondary structure plays an integral role in catalytic, ribosomal, small nuclear, micro, and transfer RNAs. Discovering a prevalent role for secondary structure in pre-mRNAs has proven more elusive. By utilizing a variety of computational and biochemical approaches, we present evidence for a class of nuclear introns that relies upon secondary structure for correct splicing. These introns are defined by simple repeat expansions of complementary AC and GT dimers that co-occur at opposite boundaries of an intron to form a bridging structure that enforces correct splice site pairing. Remarkably, this class of introns does not require U2AF2, a core component of the spliceosome, for its processing. Phylogenetic analysis suggests that this mechanism was present in the ancestral vertebrate lineage prior to the divergence of tetrapods from teleosts. While largely lost from land dwelling vertebrates, this class of introns is found in 10% of all zebrafish genes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Computational Biology
  • Exons
  • Genes, Reporter
  • Introns
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics*
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism
  • Nucleic Acid Conformation*
  • Phylogeny
  • RNA Precursors / genetics*
  • RNA Precursors / metabolism
  • RNA Splicing*
  • Ribonucleoproteins / genetics
  • Ribonucleoproteins / metabolism
  • Sequence Analysis, RNA
  • Spliceosomes / metabolism
  • Zebrafish / genetics*


  • Nuclear Proteins
  • RNA Precursors
  • Ribonucleoproteins